Camille Joseph - Thinking Relatively : Franz Boas and the Concept of « Type »

societes-plurielles:4247 - Sociétés plurielles, February 1, 2018, Épistémologies du pluriel -
Thinking Relatively : Franz Boas and the Concept of « Type »Article

Authors: Camille Joseph 1

  • 1 Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis

This article focuses on the concept of « type » in Franz Boas’ work. Based on a close examination of his main anthropometrical texts, it sheds light onthe way Boas used statistical methods in order to criticize the taxonomic approach of physical anthropology. Instead, he developed a perspective where relations between types are put forward and emphasized the importance of variability and correlation phenomena. By using the plural “types”, Boas was able to consider human plasticity as a scene for borrowing and intermixture.

Volume: Épistémologies du pluriel
Section: Articles
Published on: February 1, 2018
Accepted on: February 1, 2018
Submitted on: January 31, 2018
Keywords: Franz Boas, Anthropometrie, USA, 20. Jahrhundert, Typus, physische Typen, Evolutionismus.,evolution theory,20th century,United States,anthropometry,physical types,anthropométrie,États-Unis,XXe siècle,types physiques,évolutionnisme,[SHS.SOCIO] Humanities and Social Sciences/Sociology

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