Alain Tarrius - Birth of a Nomadic European People, History and Actuality of the Transmigrant Territories of Globalisation from Below in Southern Europe

societes-plurielles:8407 - Sociétés plurielles, August 31, 2021, 5-6 | 2021-2022 - Self-expatriation -
Birth of a Nomadic European People, History and Actuality of the Transmigrant Territories of Globalisation from Below in Southern EuropeArticle

Authors: Alain Tarrius 1,2

1980s: Algerian immigrants since 1962, little visible on the public scene, developed transnational commercial initiatives to supply vast underground markets emerging in France, Italy, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, then in Spain, while strengthening their ties with the Maghreb. After 1990, the Algerians of Europe, who were suffering the aftershocks of the civil war in Algeria, withdrew to local micro markets at the same time as the great Moroccan migration was unfolding: more than a million people in the decade created all sorts of European networks for housing, work, ... took over the cross‑border commercial activities of the Algerians, with more flexible and diversified logistics. It was in the early 2000s that they met the Afghan, Georgian, Russian and Ukrainian cohorts of East Asian transmigrants working for Southeast Asian firms, negotiating “poor to poor”, i.e. “by the poor for the poor”, duty and quota‑free, electronic products. Goods sent from Hong Kong to the Persian Gulf Emirates, where they escape the control of the WTO in order to invade, through sales at half price, the huge market of the poor in Europe, who are solvent under these conditions. Taking the trans‑Balkan route, they merged in 2003 in Italy with the Moroccans: a major route of Globalization from below, or among the poor, was thus born from the Black Sea to Andalusia via Bulgaria, Albania, Italy, Southern France and the Spanish Levant. Informal notaries» ensure the ethics of exchanges along this “circulatory territory”. Bypassing the survival markets of the big metropolises, Istanbul, Sofia, Naples, Marseilles, Barcelona, the capitals of the territories of the transmigrants of the “poor among the poor” are medium‑sized cities. In France, Perpignan is one of them. Little by little, Balkan women are joining the sex work movement in Spain, with psychotropic drug traffickers linked to the Italian ‘ndrangheta, Sacra Corona Unita, and the Russian‑Ukrainian Dnieper mafia, who are particularly active in the border areas of the Adriatic Sea, from Albania to Italian Puglia, and in the Catalan area, from Perpignan, Andorra, La Junquère, Sitges.

Volume: 5-6 | 2021-2022 - Self-expatriation
Section: Articles
Published on: August 31, 2021
Accepted on: August 31, 2021
Submitted on: August 31, 2021
Keywords: [SHS]Humanities and Social Sciences

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